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Copper Harbor is a small unincorporated community in northeastern Keweenaw County in the U.S. state of Michigan. It is within Grant Township on the Keweenaw Peninsula which juts out from the Upper Peninsula of Michigan into Lake Superior.

History Edit

The town's name alludes to the former use of its harbor as a port for shipping copper mined from local deposits during the mid-19th century.

The Pittsburgh and Boston Mining Company, formed by John Hays of Cleveland, Ohio, began operating in Copper Harbor in 1844. It was a small development at first, but its minewas modern for its time, and the company struck it rich in 1845. A few years later, the Central and other mines opened and became successful.[3][4] By 1870, the copper resources had been largely worked out.[5]

Mining activity no longer exists, and the town's harbor is mostly used for recreational purposes such as snowmobiling and for aferry that connects Isle Royale National Park to northern Michigan.

Parks and recreation Edit

The Copper Harbor Lighthouse is situated at the opening of the harbor. Nearby is Fort Wilkins Historic State Park, a restored 1844 frontier army base originally built to protect the port in the early years of the copper mining boom.

Transportation Edit

The town is the northern terminus of US 41(both in Michigan and nationally) and the eastern terminus of M-26. Both approaches to Copper Harbor, the shore-hugging M-26 from Eagle Harbor and the more inland, rugged US 41 offer dramatic views, as does the Brockway Mountain Drive overlook. Also, one can follow Manganese Road from the town's center to Manganese Falls and theEstivant Pines, among the oldest and tallest remaining strands of virgin white pines in Michigan.


Geography Edit

Copper Harbor is at 47°28′08″N 87°53′18″W;[6]this puts it further north than anywhere in the state of Maine. The ZIP code is 49918 and theFIPS place code is 18100.

Climate Edit

Climate data for Copper Harbor, Michigan (1981–2010 normals, extremes 1972–present)
Month May Year
Record high °F (°C) 46

(8)

55

(13)

70

(21)

83

(28)

89

(32)

94

(34)

99

(37)

94

(34)

95

(35)

81

(27)

67

(19)

56

(13)

99

(37)

Average high °F (°C) 23.1

(−4.9)

25.9

(−3.4)

34.7

(1.5)

46.0

(7.8)

58.9

(14.9)

67.5

(19.7)

74.0

(23.3)

74.0

(23.3)

66.0

(18.9)

52.3

(11.3)

39.1

(3.9)

27.8

(−2.3)

49.11

(9.5)

Average low °F (°C) 9.8

(−12.3)

10.1

(−12.2)

18.2

(−7.7)

29.8

(−1.2)

39.4

(4.1)

47.0

(8.3)

54.9

(12.7)

56.9

(13.8)

50.5

(10.3)

39.1

(3.9)

28.0

(−2.2)

17.1

(−8.3)

33.4

(0.77)

Record low °F (°C) −18

(−28)

−22

(−30)

−23

(−31)

−2

(−19)

22

(−6)

32

(0)

42

(6)

44

(7)

30

(−1)

21

(−6)

6

(−14)

−8

(−22)

−23

(−31)

Precipitationinches (mm) 2.65

(67.3)

1.44

(36.6)

1.71

(43.4)

2.18

(55.4)

3.11

(79)

2.69

(68.3)

2.18

(55.4)

2.63

(66.8)

2.96

(75.2)

3.28

(83.3)

2.83

(71.9)

2.33

(59.2)

29.99

(761.8)

Snowfall inches (cm) 42.9

(109)

22.5

(57.2)

13.1

(33.3)

6.6

(16.8)

0.5

(1.3)

0

(0)

0

(0)

0

(0)

0

(0)

0.3

(0.8)

9.9

(25.1)

28.9

(73.4)

124.7

(316.7)

precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in) 15.9 11.5 8.0 7.8 10.0 8.7 8.7 7.4 10.3 11.9 10.7 12.9 123.8
snowy days (≥ 0.1 in) 18.1 12.3 6.8 3.1 0.2 0 0 0 0 0.5 5.9 12.5 59.4
Source: NOAA [7]

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