Franz Chadbourne Eschweiler (September 6, 1863 – November 14, 1929) was an American jurist from Wisconsin.
Born in Houghton, Michigan, Eschweiler studied at the University of Michigan and the University of Iowa. Eschweiler was admitted to the bar in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, in 1889, and practiced law, in Milwaukee. In 1910, he was appointed a Wisconsin Circuit Courtjudge for Milwaukee County, Wisconsin. Eschweiler was appointed to the Wisconsin Supreme Court, in 1916, serving until his death in 1929.